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Treatment of perianal fistula in Crohn's disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis comparing seton drainage and anti-tumour necrosis factor treatment. / de Groof, E. J.; Sahami, S.; Lucas, C. et al.

In: Colorectal disease, Vol. 18, No. 7, 2016, p. 667-675.

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@article{9a2932fa1f4042ecb46664720b86d55c,
title = "Treatment of perianal fistula in Crohn's disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis comparing seton drainage and anti-tumour necrosis factor treatment",
abstract = "The introduction of anti-tumour necrosis factor (anti-TNF; infliximab and adalimumab) has changed the management of Crohn's perianal fistula from almost exclusively surgical treatment to one with a much larger emphasis on medical therapy. The aim of this systematic review was to provide an overview of the success rates of setons and anti-TNF for Crohn's perianal fistula. Studies evaluating the effect of setons and anti-TNF on Crohn's perianal fistula were included. Studies assessing perianal fistula in children, rectovaginal and rectourinary fistulae were excluded. The primary end-point was the fistula closure rate. Partial closure and recurrence rates were secondary end-points. Ten studies on seton drainage were included (n = 305). Complete closure varied from 13.6% to 100% and recurrence from 0% to 83.3%. In 34 anti-TNF studies (n = 1449), complete closure varied from 16.7% and 93% (partial closure 8.0-91.2%) and recurrence from 8.0% to 40.9%. Four randomized controlled trials (n = 1028) comparing anti-TNF with placebo showed no significant difference in complete or partial closure in meta-analysis (risk difference 0.12, 95% CI -0.06 to 0.30 and 0.09, 95% CI -0.23 to 0.41, respectively). Subgroup analysis (n = 241) showed a significant advantage for complete fistula closure with anti-TNF in two trials with follow-up > 4 weeks (46% vs 13%, P = 0.003 and 30% vs 13%, P = 0.03). Of four included cohort studies, two revealed a significant difference in response in favour of combined treatment (P = 0.001 and P = 0.014). Closure and recurrence rates after seton drainage as well as anti-TNF vary widely. Despite a large number of studies, no conclusions can be drawn regarding the preferred strategy. However, combination therapy with (temporary) seton drainage, immunomodulators and anti-TNF may be beneficial in achieving perianal fistula closure",
author = "{de Groof}, {E. J.} and S. Sahami and C. Lucas and Ponsioen, {C. Y.} and Bemelman, {W. A.} and Buskens, {C. J.}",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1111/codi.13311",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "667--675",
journal = "Colorectal disease",
issn = "1462-8910",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Treatment of perianal fistula in Crohn's disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis comparing seton drainage and anti-tumour necrosis factor treatment

AU - de Groof, E. J.

AU - Sahami, S.

AU - Lucas, C.

AU - Ponsioen, C. Y.

AU - Bemelman, W. A.

AU - Buskens, C. J.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - The introduction of anti-tumour necrosis factor (anti-TNF; infliximab and adalimumab) has changed the management of Crohn's perianal fistula from almost exclusively surgical treatment to one with a much larger emphasis on medical therapy. The aim of this systematic review was to provide an overview of the success rates of setons and anti-TNF for Crohn's perianal fistula. Studies evaluating the effect of setons and anti-TNF on Crohn's perianal fistula were included. Studies assessing perianal fistula in children, rectovaginal and rectourinary fistulae were excluded. The primary end-point was the fistula closure rate. Partial closure and recurrence rates were secondary end-points. Ten studies on seton drainage were included (n = 305). Complete closure varied from 13.6% to 100% and recurrence from 0% to 83.3%. In 34 anti-TNF studies (n = 1449), complete closure varied from 16.7% and 93% (partial closure 8.0-91.2%) and recurrence from 8.0% to 40.9%. Four randomized controlled trials (n = 1028) comparing anti-TNF with placebo showed no significant difference in complete or partial closure in meta-analysis (risk difference 0.12, 95% CI -0.06 to 0.30 and 0.09, 95% CI -0.23 to 0.41, respectively). Subgroup analysis (n = 241) showed a significant advantage for complete fistula closure with anti-TNF in two trials with follow-up > 4 weeks (46% vs 13%, P = 0.003 and 30% vs 13%, P = 0.03). Of four included cohort studies, two revealed a significant difference in response in favour of combined treatment (P = 0.001 and P = 0.014). Closure and recurrence rates after seton drainage as well as anti-TNF vary widely. Despite a large number of studies, no conclusions can be drawn regarding the preferred strategy. However, combination therapy with (temporary) seton drainage, immunomodulators and anti-TNF may be beneficial in achieving perianal fistula closure

AB - The introduction of anti-tumour necrosis factor (anti-TNF; infliximab and adalimumab) has changed the management of Crohn's perianal fistula from almost exclusively surgical treatment to one with a much larger emphasis on medical therapy. The aim of this systematic review was to provide an overview of the success rates of setons and anti-TNF for Crohn's perianal fistula. Studies evaluating the effect of setons and anti-TNF on Crohn's perianal fistula were included. Studies assessing perianal fistula in children, rectovaginal and rectourinary fistulae were excluded. The primary end-point was the fistula closure rate. Partial closure and recurrence rates were secondary end-points. Ten studies on seton drainage were included (n = 305). Complete closure varied from 13.6% to 100% and recurrence from 0% to 83.3%. In 34 anti-TNF studies (n = 1449), complete closure varied from 16.7% and 93% (partial closure 8.0-91.2%) and recurrence from 8.0% to 40.9%. Four randomized controlled trials (n = 1028) comparing anti-TNF with placebo showed no significant difference in complete or partial closure in meta-analysis (risk difference 0.12, 95% CI -0.06 to 0.30 and 0.09, 95% CI -0.23 to 0.41, respectively). Subgroup analysis (n = 241) showed a significant advantage for complete fistula closure with anti-TNF in two trials with follow-up > 4 weeks (46% vs 13%, P = 0.003 and 30% vs 13%, P = 0.03). Of four included cohort studies, two revealed a significant difference in response in favour of combined treatment (P = 0.001 and P = 0.014). Closure and recurrence rates after seton drainage as well as anti-TNF vary widely. Despite a large number of studies, no conclusions can be drawn regarding the preferred strategy. However, combination therapy with (temporary) seton drainage, immunomodulators and anti-TNF may be beneficial in achieving perianal fistula closure

U2 - 10.1111/codi.13311

DO - 10.1111/codi.13311

M3 - Review article

C2 - 26921847

VL - 18

SP - 667

EP - 675

JO - Colorectal disease

JF - Colorectal disease

SN - 1462-8910

IS - 7

ER -

ID: 2859503